SUGGESTIONS FOR NEW STUDENTS
These are some ideas
for your consideration. The university wants you to succeed
and if you met the entry requirements, you have the capabilities
to earn your degree. These suggestions are derived from those
who were successful. Some may seem repetitious in nature, nevertheless
there are different nuances in each of these admonitions.
So, apply them to yourself as you progress through collegiate
studies and your program will be enhanced.
1. BRING AN OPEN MIND, NOT A VACANT
ONE. you are in college to learn, not find verification
of your own biases and prejudices. You are going to face
intellectual challenges to many of your pet theories, personal
beliefs and values. The challenges do not mean what you
consider dear or important are necessarily incorrect, but it
does mean you may have to rethink the reasons why you hold them.
2. GO TO CLASS. You
might hear that in college 'a person can go to class any time
he or she wants.' NOT TRUE! Yes, some classes will be boring
but not everything in life is interesting and collegiate studies
are not a matter of you being entertained. So learn to handle
the 'grunt work' and then you will demonstrate a pattern of
good work habits that can only enhance your achievement. Once in class, pay attention. You
will soon realize that collegiate studies are not an extension
of the high school experience.
3. GO TO CLASS EVEN
IF YOUR ARE GOING TO BE LATE. Too often students arrive a few
minutes late, feel embarrassed and leave. You should simply
slip into the class as quietly as possible, sit in the back
of the class
and then, make it a point to apologize to the professor after
the class if finished. Very rarely will he mind unless, of course,
your tardiness becomes a habit. There is no excuse for that.
4. GO TO CLASS PREPARED.
Students often complain that a class is boring. Boredom is usually
a result of one not understanding the material or hasn't completed
the required reading before the class. Just be warned, if you
didn't do the required reading or research before hand, you
will likely not understand what the professor is talking about.
Such lack of understanding will certainly make any presentation boring.
5. READ THE CLASS SYLLABUS. Every
class has (or should) a syllabus. If you are lucky, the professor
may explain it in detail. Whether that happens or not, once
you get your copy, READ IT! I said read it, not scan it. It
should outline the professors expectations for the class, what
will be required for success and how students will be evaluated
(OK, graded). In many instances it specifies the dates certain
projects or papers are due, when exams will be given and expected
classroom performances. If you wait and read it 'at a convenient
time,' you may find yourself playing academic catch-up, a no-win
6. TYPE YOUR NOTES AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
Sitting down at the computer and typing up your notes is an
excellent way to remember the material presented in the class.
In addition, it usually means that three pages of hand-written
notes often ends up as single page which will make them easier
to study when it comes time for review.
7. SIT AS CLOSE TO THE FRONT OF
THE LECTURE ROOM AS POSSIBLE. This is not 'brown-nosing.'
It is easier to hear a professor's lectures or comments, see
materials if he or she is using A-V equipment, and be more easily
identifiable by the professor when that all important letter
of reference becomes necessary later in your academic career.
8. SHARE YOUR NOTES. Now this does
not mean you take notes for others. It means you should share
what you got out of a class and that favor should be returned
by others with whom you study. You may learn that you missed
an important fact, your notes were incomplete or even incorrectly
prepared. Studying together means, helping others as well as
yourself master the material.
9. LEAVE THAT BLASTED
CELL PHONE IN YOUR ROOM OR AT LEAST KEEP IT TURNED OFF.
Cell phones are supposed to be utilitarian, not status symbols.
It has done more, in my opinion, to contribute to rude and deliberately
insensitive behavior on the part of many students. There
is nothing more important than for you to get a good education.
And no one gives a 'diddely squat' if you are the most sought
after cute chick or gorgeous hunk on campus. If you want
to be important, improve your mind. If you want to be
a pain, make everyone around you aware of your new toy and that
you know how to use it. People who have this 'cell phone'
addiction are those who talk too much and communicate so little.
10. LEARN THE CAMPUS. Every year
many new students literally get lost. The initial campus tour
seldom provides the geographic knowledge essential to letting
around any major university. So become an explorer and spend
some time learning where all the academic departments and student
services units are located. Don't become one of those seniors
still looking for the library.
11. UNDERSTAND THAT THE UNIVERSITY
HAS RULES. Even if there are more than can be memorized (and
there are), always have a copy of them handy. Your student
handbook will have them. Remember, ignorance of what is required
is no excuse for failing to perform. Contusion is one thing
but ignorance of the rules says volumes. Do not become one
who frequently states, 'But no one told me... '
12. IGNORE RUMORS. Rumors of all
types abound on a campus. Almost all have a semblance of truth
and an abundance of fiction. So if you hear a statement which,
if followed could affect your program, check with your advisor.
Acting on or putting your faith in the validity of a rumor could
13. BUDGET TIME. This includes having
a social life but you must learn to plan your study time properly.
This means you do not start studying for that all important
quiz the night before it is given or initiate writing that report
the day before it is due (otherwise known as the red-eye special).
To utter the statement, 'I work best under pressure... '
is really a silly excuse made by those who have no choice.
Just remember, your lack of foresight is not going to be your
advisor's or professor's emergency.
14. ACCEPT CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM.
Bear in mind that a professor will critique your work and be
doing you a favor. Such criticism is not meant to be personal
nor should you take it that way. No matter how competent you
may be, all work can be improved. Indeed, if your work is heavily
RED LINED, it means that your professor took a lot of time to
show you the need to improve and how to do it. How would you
feel if a professor didn't read the paper or test and simply
assigned a grade? Wouldn't you be just a little angry? If
you feel free to criticize your instructors (and you will),
be prepared to understand and accept academic criticism.
15. UNDERSTAND THAT BEING A STUDENT
IS A FULL TIME JOB. You cannot work hard one day a week and
hope your grades will be above average. In addition, you must
focus on not just academics, but also on good social skills,
interaction with others in university sponsored activities and
still know when to study. Collegiate studies with the attendant activities is a full time job.
16. DEVELOP AN APPRECIATION FOR THE
MASTERY OF THE LANGUAGE. No matter what your major or discipline
of interest, the single most important life skill is communication.
It is how you use language that places you above the animals
when properly used, or below them when abused. It is how you
communicate yours skills that demonstrates the depth of your
education. A person who only speaks in cliches conveys the
shallowness of their studies. For example, when a student utters,
'I want to work with people, I am a people person,' I can only
respond, 'You have a choice? Can you name one career in which
you do not need people skills?'
17. BECOME PART OF THE UNIVERSITY.
Becoming part of the university community is just as important
as going to class, writing papers and taking exams. This does
not mean you should join every social group but learn to be
selective and then participate. Explore your options and learn
where you fit in and your college experiences will be enhanced. Being involved is another very important part of your education.
Don't become a hermit.
18. GET TO KNOW SOME PROFESSORS BEFORE
YOU GRADUATE. This is hard for new students but you can target
some faculty who, you think, are worth knowing before you graduate.
Your professors are the individuals who evaluate the
quality of work, will supply references for your career packet
or graduate application, and guide your intellectual development.
Should you be fortunate enough to develop a bond of friendship,
you will find they are invaluable mentors during the rough periods
of your academic life. It is true you may develop negative feelings
towards some. This would be true at any university. But the
vast majority are quite approachable and don't let the titles
of professor or doctor intimidate you. Those appellations were
their achievements and now they want you to attain the goals you
have set for yourself. It is to the university's benefit to help
you achieve those goals.
19. THERE IS NOTHING WRONG IN BEING
INITIALLY CONFUSED. Don't get upset when you realize you haven't
mastered all the facets of collegiate life during your first
term. You might even get more upset when you find you cannot
answer that horrible but well meaning question, 'What are you
going to do when you graduate?' (and only a freshman yet).
Bear in mind that college is way of life. You will be learning
to cope with it every day and that is as it should be. So if
you are worried about your initial confusion, you are only normal.
Being normal is a state you work to maintain and not assume
it will just miraculously happen. By the way, seniors about
to graduate often express greater anxiety about leaving college
than do new freshmen just entering school. So if you think
being a freshman is tough, try being a senior.
20. BE PATIENT WITH YOURSELF. You
will make errors or seeming mistakes during your collegiate
career. Please be assured you are not DOOMED. When you realize
or even think you have made a 'goof,' don't run to your roommate,
coffee buddy or spiritual guru; contact your academic advisor
and set out to remove or correct the situation. If you don't,
it can fester and create other problems.
21. MAKE YOUR OWN DECISIONS. Seeking
advice is always wise. Trying to play it safe and avoid making
choices can lean to serious personal dissatisfaction and likely
failure. You must learn to take a chance (not a needless risk)
when options become available and accept responsibility for
your decisions. If you can do that, you are displaying the
attributes of responsible adulthoo
22. DON'T PLAN YOUR
FUTURE AND IGNORE THE PRESENT. You may end fouling up both.
Planning ahead is wise. To lay out a life plan and then consider
it an accomplished fact is to court disaster. When confronted
with an academic glitch, not achieving a desired grade needed
for graduate school or missing out on a sought internship possibility,
you may find the most optimistic and well laid plan becomes
a shambles. You may want to be a doctor, lawyer or Las Vegas
CROUPIER but talking about it will not make it so. Your only
obligation is to be the best first year student possible.
By focusing on those initial academic
requirements however onerous or tedious, you can make your goals
possible. If they do prove elusive, you will at least have
the superior base for developing new goals.
23. REMEMBER, YOU
ARE IN SCHOOL FOR YOUR EDUCATION, NOT FOR SOMEONE ELSE'S. If
you entered college just to please someone else, or anyone else,
you will end up pleasing no one, least of all yourself. While
parents, guardians and friends should be concerned about your
academic welfare, it is your education, your degree and your
life. LEAD IT! You can then take pride in thinking for yourself
and, at the same time, educate others as to your competence
But if you let others decide just what you are going to study
and just what you are going to be, you have abnegated all responsibility
to yourself. Yes, making decisions and worrying about the possible
consequences is hard BUT YOU CAN DO IT.
24. KNOW YOUR ACADEMIC SITUATION
PRIOR TO THE WITHDRAWAL FROM CLASS DEADLINE. If you have a
question about how you are doing in a class, take your concerns
as an opportunity to g visit the professor and discuss your situation. If your
fears are justified and a worst-case scenario is developing,
find out how to alter and improve your study habits. To wait
until after mid-terms or waiting until the last week to 'see
how things are going' will lead to playing academic roulette.
Keep yourself informed.
25. LEARN TO COMMUNICATE
IN THE CLASSROOM. There are no dumb questions concerning classroom
content. If you don't know or don't understand something about
what is going on in the classroom, you can be sure that many
of your peers don't either. Learning to ask questions is a
real skill and you must develop it.
26. SAFEGUARD YOUR PHYSICAL AND MENTAL
WELL-BEING. When exhausted, rest. Eat proper food and know
when to relax (not sluff-off). No one is going to thank you
for working yourself to a frazzle or getting ill by ignoring
your body's or mind's basic needs. It is foolish for you to
clamber for your 'independence' and then once 'free,' simply
do not know how to take care of yourself.
27. ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOURSELF
AND YOUR BEHAVIOR. If what you say and do is prompted by others,
or if nothing is ever your fault because others allegedly'pushed'
you, you really cannot claim to be an adult, just a pathetic
follower. If you are not doing well academically, get help.
There is no shame in getting help and very few get through college without some form
of assistance. So what if it takes a little longer to learn
the material or even to graduate? But if you are having academic
problems and can only offer a myriad of excuses or blame others
for your failure to perform, you are simply seeking a 'cop-out'
for your ineptitude.
28. LOCATE AND USE
ALL UNIVERSITY SERVICES. Contrary to what some believe, the
university does want you to succeed and will help you by means
of all its services. These range from writing and math development
to personal counseling when stressed. Let the university serve
you. You don 't need anyone's approval t seek such services.
After all, it is your school and you are paying for those services.
29. DON'T DEPEND UPON OTHERS TO DO
YOUR WORK. Asking someone else to take class notes or have
others inform you of just what is going on in a class so that
you can 'sluff off' is an abnegation of your responsibilities
to yourself. If there is a true emergency wherein you will
miss classes, contact the student affairs or Dean's office and
they will notify your professors who later will help you get
back on track. But if you seek to rely on others for what you
should be doing, you are certainly being 'less than intelligent.'
30. THE COMPUTER IS NOT THE SOLUTION
TO ALL YOUR ACADEMIC WEAKNESSES. The 'knowledge' contained
in a computer system was entered by someone who could not and
cannot know what any user's intent might be. To claim that spell check and other
aids excuses you from learning just what is correct form and
style (e.g. To, too, two) is a form of arrogance and indicative
of a lazy mind. The computer is your aid, not your alter-ego.
31. NOT EVERYONE GRADUATES
IN FOUR YEARS. Shocking as that statement may see, there is
nothing magical about the number four. If you change majors,
hit academic snags, are offered an internship possibility or
select a program of studies that requires more outside experiences,
it may not be possible to be part of the four year crowd. Indeed,
the majority of all students who do graduate take longer than
four years. While the idea of a four year program is thought
of as the norm, the reality is, there can be many circumstances
that will mitigate against it.
32. BEAR IN MIND THAT ONCE A DEGREE
IS ACQUIRED, IT STILL DOES NOT GUARANTEE YOU A GREAT CAREER,
SUCCESS OR A LARGE BAG OF MONEY. A degree is supposed to be
indicative of some sort of intellectual and academic achievement. Employers
will hire you assuming that you can demonstrate superior intellectual
skills such as writing, speaking, research, observation and
the like. It is you who will be considered for a position,
not the diploma. Success is never guaranteed.
33. DON'T ASSUME THAT
ADVISORS CAN PERFORM MIRACLES WHEN ASKED TO DO THE IMPOSSIBLE.
If you try t continually schedule classes long after they have
started, try to enroll classes even though you failed the pre-requisite,
seek exceptions to the hard and fast rules or design a schedule
allowing you to sleep late and play often, you don't want advice,
you want a miracle. Remember, there is much in the 5P adage,
PRIOR PLANNING PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE. If you have slovenly
study habits, demonstrate little or no planning skills and then
request the advisor to'bail you out,' you should ask yourself just what in heaven's
name are you doing in college.
34. SAVE ALL ITEMS OR DOCUMENTS THAT
HAVE SOMETHING TO DO WITH YOUR PROGRAM OF STUDIES. When you
officially drop a class, save your copy of the drop slip. If
you make one or more significant programmatic changes which involves paper work, save the student copy. If there
are no copies because you transacted such business on the web,
check, recheck and then check again your procedures and, if possible,
make a print copy of the transaction. You cannot 'claim' you
have officially dropped a course in which you received a failing
grade and then offer no proof. While university offices can make mistakes, they are more than helpful
if you or any student can offer evidence that they really did
follow the correct procedures.
35. DON'T ALWAYS INSIST THAT YOUR
SCHEDULE MUST BE ONLY A CERTAIN WAY. Trying to only have a full
schedule between 10 am and 2 pm and only on MWF or Tuesdays
and Thursdays so that you can sleep late, enjoy late afternoon
coffee klatches, tour the countryside and the maybe, just maybe
do a little studying is indicative of someone who sees college
as a game. Even if you have a job, it makes more sense for
you to try and schedule your work time around your classes.
You can become an entrepreneur after you graduate.
36. A DEGREE IS NOT AN ENTITLEMENT,
YOU MUST EARN IT. This should be obvious. Yet advisors are
often bombarded with requests for exceptions to university rules,
complaints about how unfair class standards are or that the
poor grades 'awarded' i certain classes are not a true measure
of a student's competencies. I am certain many advisors have
heard 'I have a right to a degree.' No, you or any student
has a right to EARN a degree. If you accept and understand that
premise, you will likely be successful in attaining your goal.
But if you claim degree reception is a right, you really have no place
37. SPARE YOURSELF
AND OTHERS FROM UTTERING LAME EXCUSES. Many students have excuses
for their alleged incompetencies. 'I don't test well' or 'That
class isn't relevant' are often heard. Accept the fact that
you will have to take tests which are designed to show if you
have mastered subject content. If you did poorly on a test,
then you haven't mastered the content or, what is worse, didn't
consider it important. As for a class being relevant or irrelevant,
how did you arrive at that conclusion? Certainly not by means
of any competent research efforts and definitely not because
of your vast life experiences. Lame excuses, like the continual
use of four letter words, are the largess of the impoverished mind.
38. DON'T ASK TO TAKE A SUPERIOR
COURSES IF YOU DON'T HAVE THE ACADEMIC BACKGROUND. Just because
an upper division course sounds more interesting will not make
it easy to master. If you tell an advisor, 'I just know I can
handle harder classes that what my high school grades show'
or 'My real interests are along that line,' you may be bluntly
told, 'No, you can't and being interested doesn't meet the prerequisite.'
Sounding and looking very earnest may be good acting, but they
are not substitutes for performance, past or otherwise. Wanting
something does not automatically translate into ability.
39. ALL THE 'DETERMINATION' IN THE
WORLD WILL NEGATE IGNORANCE. 'I can be anything I want to be
if I work hard enough.' Now that is a good statement philosophically
but in practice, it might prove difficult to put into action.
If the skills essential to academic success are present and
put to use, then such stated goals are attainable. If those
skills are not present, then you must either do a lot of make up to develop
them, or you are in for some serious setbacks.
40. DON'T TALK A GOOD STORY, DEVELOP
A FOCUS AND THEN GO FOR IT. Talking a good story is, to this
advisor's mind, indicative of one who knows they blew past opportunities.
So if you enjoy spending your time regaling listeners about
your future expertise, it may sound impressive but it would
be better for you to keep your mouth shut and take inventory of just what it is
you need to do in order to succeed. THEN DO IT! Bear in mind
that no one is really impressed about what you say you are going
to do an if you make strong assertive statements to impress
the listeners, you are being childish. Playing to the crowd
is a losing game. Always keep in mind that you will be evaluated
on your actual performance, not your promises of performance.
You do not want it said, 'I thought he was a man of promise;;
but it appears he is a young man of promises.'
41. THEREFORE, BE CAREFUL OF FORMULATING
A 'PLAN B.' As discussed above, you have a plan A for what
you plan to do after college, focus on it. Many enter school
without a focus while others espouse their aspirations from
the date of entry. It has been my experience that when a person
talks Plan A but also relates how they have a plan B and even
a Plan C, they usually end up dropping Plan A. T have two or
more options may seem like sound planning, but it usually means
one's energies become diffused. They just are not developing
a solid focus. If Plan A proves impossible of attainment, an
academic counselor will gladly work with you to formulate a Plan
42. YOU WILL BE DIFFERENT. The collegiate
experience, if enthusiastically engaged in, will effect a transformation
in you. You will become a different person. Not that you will
be any better or worse than your peers, but by the time you
return home for that first extended break you will notice that
former high school friends, who did not go for post high school studies, will view you a bit differently and you will
return the favor. Those who went to other colleges can share
common experiences but even then you will view each other just
a bit differently. The changes are often nothing more than a
felt attitude, an awareness that you re-developing new insights,
raising new questions and the like, but they are there. University studies can enhance your individuality.
As a high school senior you were aware of the differences in yourself
between the ages of 14 and 18. The changes that will transpire
in you between the ages of 18 and 22 or so will make the high
school changes seem miniscule. If nothing else, collegiate studies
should make you a more interesting as will as a more productive
person. Look forward to it.
43. KEEP YOUR INTEGRITY.
You may be tempted to 'cut corners' indeed, you will soon be
aware that a few of your peers think nothing of cheating. Overt
plagiarism, use of crib notes and purchased term papers are
the largess of those I term 'academic sociopaths.' Their concern
over what grades they want as opposed to what they should learn
is a disease. If they are caught, they often evince surprise
at the long term repercussions. Not only will they fail the
class (and should), but they will find it hard to get references
(after all, what is there to recommend?), will likely find it
impossible to take advantage of other university opportunities
such as internships (they would be poor representatives of the
university) and, if they are perceptive, will soon realize that
no one trusts them. Why should they? I mention this because
the temptation tO follow
suit is often quite strong when you realize others are getting
away with such activities, especially in a highly competitive program. Always be
cognizant that, like good study habits, integrity is something
you are not only raised with but is a character trait you can
enhance by adhering to a code of ethical behavior. Once integrity
is lost, it may take something like forever to recover it.
44. SPARE YOUR ADVISOR,
PROFESSORS AND ROOMMATES ANY WHINING STORIES OF 'ALL YOUR PERSONAL
PROBLEMS' If you have problems of a personal nature, tend to
them. University studies are no escape and to enter school
with the idea they might go away or use them as excuses not
to perform is reprehensible. Sad or as traumatic as they may
be, they are your problems, no one else's. If you need help,
get it. But for heaven's sake don't sit around whining in an
attempt to gain sympathy and doing nothing about them. If you
can't handle them, there are agencies or university personnel who will gladly provide assistance. Just remember,
everyone has problems.
45. DON'T TAKE COUNSEL OF YOUR FEARS.
You entered college knowing that seeking an education was going
to require hard work. Some areas may prove more difficult than
others. But,like any challenge you will face, you must meet
it head on. Too many students are fearful of not doing well
and start telling themselves they can't do this or handle that.
Just keep in mind the adage, 'if you say you can, or say you
can't, you are probably right.'
46. YOU HAVE EVERY RIGHT TO REMEMBER
PAST SUCCESSES WITH PRIDE AND FONDNESS, BUT YOU ARE NOT BACK
AT SQUARE ONE. Your past achievements are to serve as a base
for future successes. You may have been the student body president,
valedictorian, homecoming queen or the state spelling bee champ
in high school and you have every right to be proud of those
accomplishments. But they are in the past. Now you are starting
over. Accept that fact and you will pleasantly surprised that
you have removed a proverbial 'monkey off your back.'
47. WRITE OR E-MAIL HOME. It may
sound silly but your parents can prove to be your strongest
support service. They want to know honestly and truthfully
just how you are doing. They may not know how to help other
than by listening, but that act alone is essential to your well-being.
Years ago a young student screamed at this adviser
stating that the father '... won't understand my situation.'
My response was 'but he will know you are hurting so call him.'
The student used my phone. Her father flew out on the next
available flight and the two of them had a great reunion. The
student graduated CUM LAUDE three years later but confessed,
'I didn't realize that my father was so caring.' I found that
a very interesting perception.
48. BEAR IN MIND 'EXTRA
CREDIT' WORK IS FOR BABIES, NOT SCHOLARS. Please,
do not ask any college instructor to do 'extra credit' workin lieuof what is required. There are too many
students entering universities having received stellar high
school GPAs and yet cannot demonstrate basic academic skills.
Possibly there are legitimate reasons for such activity but
'extra credit' substitutions in no way prepares a person for
collegiate academic performance. Students are expected
to give their best efforts if they are insufficient, they then
realize just what they must do to achieve an acceptable standard
of performance. Too many students speak and write in glib
cliches, use incomplete sentences and have no idea of how to
compose a decent sentence let alone a paragraph. 'Extra
credit' exercises may be great time killers, but have little
to do with skill development.
49. READ! Read
to enjoy. Read to relax the mind. Read to become
acquainted with and enjoy the comfort of good language expression.
Readers stand out in most classes, in interviews, in seminars.
They are the people who often read their essays, research papers
or personal letters aloud to themselves to check for errors
of composition, thought clarification, format and style.
Show me a person who enjoys reading, be it the classics, westerns,
mysteries, historical fiction or even romance novels and I will
show you someone who will get an education, not a piece of paper.
50. YOUR SELF
ESTEEM MUST BE EARNED, IT WILL NOT BE GIVEN. The old bromide,
'If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen' is very
apropos. All collegiate work will be reviewed, critiqued
and perhaps, incontinently brutalized. If a person wants
self esteem, they must earn it. The things that hurt,
instruct. Almost all students can be and often are critical
of their instructors and such criticism may be merited.
But instructors have an obligation to review and evaluate a
student's work. Keep in mind you are not in school to be amused,
adjusted, accommodated or entertained. You are in school
to be educated. If you or any student does a lousy piece
of work, you should and will be so informed. If it is
meritorious, they will be informed how it can be improved.
Even the best work can always be improved. So, look to
learn in school, not be coddled and pampered.
NO EXCUSES ARE ACCEPTABLE. If you did a poor piece of
work, blew an exam, or missed a deadline, no excuse will rectify
the error. It may explain the problem, but it does not make
them any less of an error. So, if you know you made a
serious error, produced a poor piece of work, or missed a deadline,
set out to rectify it. If it is too late, then make a
resolution not to make such errors a habit.
52. OK! YOU ARE PHYSICALLY
AN ADULT, BUT SO WHAT! Physical maturation does not automatically
mean you are ready for prime time adult responsibility.
You are different now than when you were a high school freshman.
You will be much different upon completion of your collegiate
studies. And even a much different person when you are
twenty-eight, thirty and beyond. So do not assume that
with physical maturation, intellectual growth is automatic.
It must be cultivated.
New Mexico State University